Axel Springer SE engages in the provision of print and digital media. It operates through the following segments: Paid Models, Marketing Models, Classified Ad Models and Services/Holding segment. The Paid Models segment encompasses all business models that are primarily used by paid readers. The Marketing Models segment covers all business models involving sales to advertising customers under performance-based or reach-based fee arrangements. The Classified Ad Models segment includes all business models that are based on sales of help-wanted ads and real estate ads to paying customers. The Services/Holding segment comprises the group's service and holding company functions. The company was founded by Hinrich Springer and Axel Springer in 1946 and is headquartered in Berlin, Germany.