Merck KGaA engages in the manufacturing of pharmaceutical and chemical products. It operates through the following segments: Healthcare, Life Science, and Performance Materials. The Healthcare segment comprises the businesses with prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceuticals and biopharmaceuticals as well as allergy products. The Life Science segment offers solutions to research and analytical laboratories in the pharmaceutical/biotechnology industry or in academic institutions, and customers manufacturing large- and small-molecule drugs. The Performance Materials segment includes specialty chemicals, which are used in a variety of end products. The company was founded by Friedrich Jacob Merck in 1668 and is headquartered in Darmstadt, Germany.