Merck KGaA engages in the manufacturing of pharmaceutical and chemical products. It operates through the following segments: Healthcare, Life Science, and Performance Materials. The Healthcare segment comprises of the businesses that were reported separately as the Merck Serono and Consumer Health segments in the previous year. The Life Science segment includes the Merck Millipore business as well as the acquired life science business of the Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, USA. The Performance Materials segment corresponds to the acquired SAFC Hitech business of Sigma-Aldrich. The company was founded by Friedrich Jacob Merck in 1668 and is headquartered in Darmstadt, Germany.