Novartis AG develops, manufactures, and markets healthcare products. It operates through the following segments: Pharmaceuticals, Alcon, Sandoz, Vaccines & Diagnostics, and Consumer Health. The Pharmaceuticals segment provides patent-protected prescription medicines. The Alcon segment offers surgical, ophthalmic pharmaceuticals, and vision care products. The Sandoz segment provides generic pharmaceuticals. The Vaccines & Diagnostics segment provides human vaccines and blood testing diagnostics. The Consumer Health segment operates two divisions: Over-the-Counter (OTC) and Animal Health. The OTC division develops and sells a wide range of affordable and reliable consumer medications for self-care and numerous common ailments. The Animal Health division's products prolong and improve animals lives. The company was founded on February 29, 1996 and is headquartered in Basel, Switzerland.