HSBC Holdings Plc engages in the provision of banking and financial services. It operates through the following segments: Retail Banking and Wealth Management, Commercial Banking, Global Banking and Markets, Global Private Banking, and Corporate Centre. The Retail Banking and Wealth Management segment consists of retail banking, wealth management, asset management, and insurance. The Commercial Banking segment offers banking products and services. The Global Banking and Markets segment includes transaction banking, financing, advisory, capital markets, and risk management services. The Global Private Banking offers transaction banking, financing, advisory, capital markets and risk management services to high net worth individuals and families. The Corporate Centre segment is comprises of central treasury, including balance sheet management, other legacy businesses, interests in associates and joint ventures, central stewardship costs and the UK bank levy. The company was founded on January 1, 1959 and is headquartered in London, the United Kingdom.