Hitachi Ltd. engages in the manufacture and sale of electrical equipment. It operates through the following segments: Information and Telecommunication Systems; Social Infrastructure and Industrial Systems; Electronic Systems and Equipment; Construction Machinery; High Functional Materials and Components; Automotive Systems; Smart Life and Ecofriendly Systems, Others, and Financial Services. The Information and Telecommunication Systems segment offers systems integration, outsourcing services, software, disk array subsystems, servers, mainframes, telecommunications equipment, and automated teller machine (ATM) services. The Social Infrastructure and Industrial Systems segment provides infrastructure products and services, industrial equipment, and energy-saving solutions that help to reduce environmental impact and promote urban development. The Electronic Systems and Equipment segment manufactures semiconductor, liquid crystal display (LCD), test and measurement equipment, medical electronics equipment, power tools, and electronic parts manufacturing systems. The Construction Machinery segment offers products for civil engineering and construction, building and structural demolition, mining and excavation such as hydraulic excavators, wheel loaders, and mining dump trucks. The High Functional Materials and Components segment produces wires and cables, semiconductor and display-related materials, circuit boards and materials, specialty steels, magnetic materials and components, and high grade casting components and materials. The Automotive Systems segment offers engine management systems, electric power train systems, drive control systems, and car information systems. The Smart Life and Ecofriendly Systems provides energy-efficient home appliances, lighting and housing equipment, refrigerating and air-conditioning solutions. The Others segment offers logistics and property management services. The Financial Services segment deals with leases, loan guarantees and insurance services, and conducts business in the area of securitization. The company was founded by Namihei Odaira in 1910 and is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.