Axel Springer SE is a publishing company in Europe. It engages in the provision of print and digital media, and owns and operates digital classifieds portfolio. It operates through the following segments: Classified Ad Models, Paid Models, Marketing Models, and Services/Holding segment. The Classified Ad Models segment predominantly generates revenues in online classified advertising within the areas of jobs, real estate, automobile, and general classified ads. The Paid Models segment encompasses all business models that are primarily used by paying readers. The Marketing Models segment covers all business models involving sales to advertising customers under reach-based or success-based marketing services. The Services/Holding segment comprises the group's services, which include the domestic printing plants, and the holding company functions. The company was founded by Hinrich Springer and Axel Springer in 1946 and is headquartered in Berlin, Germany.