Koninklijke Brill NV engages in publishing of academic books. It operates through the following segments: HIS, LAW, LLA, MIA, ARC, and S&F. The HIS segment consists of history, American studies, Slavic and Eurasian studies, social sciences, and biology. The LAW segment comprises of international law, human rights and humanitarian law, and international relations. The LLA segment consists of languages and linguistics, literature and culture studies, and Asian studies. The MIA segment consists of Middle East, Islamic and African studies, as well as the newly acquired business of sense (education studies). The ARC segment includes philosophy, art, religion and bible studies, theology, Jewish studies, ancient near east, Egyptology, classical antiquity, Greek, and Latin literature. The S&F segment consists the business operation contained under Brill Deutschland GmbH. The company was founded by Jordaan Luchtmans on May 17, 1683 and is headquartered in Leiden, the Netherlands.