Judges Scientific Plc is engaged in the design and production of scientific instruments. It operates through following business segments: Materials Sciences and Vacuum. The Materials Sciences segment supplies measurement equipment across both public and private sectors. The Vacuum segment designs and manufactures instruments to prepare samples for examination in electron microscopes and to create motion, heating and cooling within ultra high vacuum chambers. Judges Scientific was founded by David Elie Cicurel and Alexander Robert Hambro on November 21, 2002 and is headquartered in London, the United Kingdom.