Rio Tinto Ltd. produces iron ore for steel, aluminium for cars and smart phones, copper for wind turbines, diamonds that set the standard for â€œresponsibleâ€, titanium for household products and borates for crops that feed the world. It operates through the following segments: Iron Ore, Aluminium, Copper & Diamonds, Energy and Minerals, and Other Operations. The Iron Ore segment exports iron ore pellets and high-grade concentrate. The Aluminum segments focuses on bauxite mines and alumina refineries. The Copper & Diamonds segment produces gold, silver, molybdenum, and by-products. The Energy & Minerals segment offers uranium, borates, salt, and titanium dioxide feedstock together with coal operations. The company was founded on December 17, 1959 and is headquartered in Melbourne, Australia.